District Overview - CHOTTOGRAM

Writer: Shafi Newaz

Photo: Azim Al Jabber, Jyot1.5hompad0k, Rohan Uddin Fahad, Ariful Islam Suhas, Apu Nazrul, Junnunur Rahman

 

Locally known as Chottogram, Chittagong District is one of the major centres of ecomic activities. This busy region with an area of 5282.98 sq km is located in the south-eastern region under Chittagong Division of Bangladesh. Chittagong is surrounded by Khagrachari and Rangamati districts and Tripura state of India on the north, Cox’s Bazar on the south, Bandarban, Rangamati and Khagrachari on the east and Noakhali district and Bay of Bengal on the west. The port city of Chittagong, second largest city in Bangladesh, is located in this district.

Because of the natural harbour, Chittagong has always been an important location for trade, drawing Arab traders as early as the 9th century. The region fell under the rule of kings from Arakan in the 16th and 17th centuries, but later, the Mughal Army under Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong. During the 17th century, the region also faced a lot of attacks by Portuguese pirates. The Mughals established Chittagong as a district in 1666. The Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar, previously included in the Chittagong district were separated from Chittagong consecutively in 1860 and 1984.

The separation of the hill tracts and the coastal beauty of Cox's Bazar little decreased its overall beauty. Chittagong still has some of the countries most beautiful fountains and cascades, rainforest, reserved forests, unique sea beaches, tea gardens, hills and trails for hiking and trekking etc. Karnafuli, Halda and Sangu, three of the mighty rivers of the country flows through Chittagong.

The communication is also very good as highway and rail tracks have navigated well through the district. For tourists, facilities such as boarding, hotels and resorts are being developed as well as government initiatives to reserve the natural landscape and wildlife of this region. In a word, it has become one of the most convenient travel paradise to the young travelers.

The Travelogue will cover the tourist attractions of Chittagong district in Phases as it has a healthy number of fountains, cascades, sea beaches, rivers and natural reserves.

 

Khoiyachora waterfalls

Khoiyachora Waterfalls is one of the largest waterfalls of Bangladesh. It is the only waterfall having 9 major cascades with mesmerizing beauty. It is believed that the waterfall was created due to the diversion of the hills.

It is not long when this bold beauty was discovered. Its location within the massless mountain areas and bushes made it difficult to trace.

In 2010, the Government has included the waterfall within the Khoiyachora Waterfall National Park, after declaring 293.61 hectares of the block of Kunda Hat (Baratakia) in the Baraiyadhala Block National Park.

How to go:

One needs to reach Baratakia in Mirsharai by bus or train. It stands around 5 kilometers eastwards from there. One needs to trek through the mountains for over and hour to get to the waterfall.

 

Mohamaya Eco Park

Mohamaya Lake is the part of Mohamaya Irrigation Project. It is one of the most beautiful lakes in the entire country. The government in the recent past has turned this naturally adorned place into an eco park and promoting eco tourism since then. Tourists vusit this place to enjoy the naturally decorated landscape of the park. Moreover, boat rides and Kayakaing facilities has been an added attraction. Watching sunset in the middle of the lake while Kayaking is a lifetime experience one should never miss out.

How to go:

Mohamaya lake is situated adjacent to Thakurdighi Bazar in Chittagong highway. Local CNG is available from the highway to the project at the cost 

of 10taka per person.

 

 

Napittyachora trail

Napittyachora trail is a breathtaking trekking destination for the trekkers who loves crystal clear water, straight from the hills going past caressing the rocks on the way. The trail is located at the Napittyachora Village under Khoiyyachora union. This trail has four beautiful fountains - Ujalia, Kupikatakum, Napittyachora and Bandorkum. Each of the fountain is different of the others in beauty and characteristics. The calmness and pin drop silence is only broken by the flowing waters splashing around after getting crashed upon the rocks. Ujalia and Kupikatakum will aprear before your eyes after an hour long trekking, but to get to the other two, Napittyachora and Bandorkum, you'll have to sweat your pants till your knees and walk for over a couple of hours on the slippery rocky trail.

All the exhaustion and tiredness is bound to get away as soon as the the fountains meet the eyes. The beauty is beyond description. Rainy season is the most suitable time to visit the trail as the fountains, at that time, remains full of might and sizzling beauty.

How to go:

To go to Napittyachora, one needs to reach Mohipal in Feni by bus or train. Local transports are available to take you to Noyduariar Haat. From there, a 40/50 minute long walk will lead you to the sign of streaming waterways from the fountain. Another 3 hours of trekking eastwards is what it would take to get to the fountains

 

Foy’s Lake

Foy's Lake is a man-made lake in Chittagong, Bangladesh. It was created in 1924 by constructing a dam across the stream that came down from the hills in the northern part of Chittagong. The purpose of creating an artificial lake was to provide water to the residents of railway colony.

How to go:

One need s to Chittagong by bus or train. From there, a 30 minutes ride local bus or autorickshaw can be taken to reach Foy’s Lake.

 

Chandranath Temple

Chandranath Temple located on top of the Chandranath hill, is a famous Shakti Peeth located near Sitakunda in Bangladesh where, as per Hindu sacred texts, the right arm of Goddess Sati fell. Chandranath Temple is a pilgrimage site for Hindus. Its height about 1020 feet or 310 meters from sea level.

How to go:

One needs to reach Sitakunda Bazar by bus or train. From there local CNG can be taken to the base of the Chandranath hill. A couple of hours of hiking will lead you to the temple.

 

Patenga Sea Beach 

Patenga is a popular tourist spot. The beach is very close to the Bangladesh Naval Academy of the Bangladesh Navy and Shah Amanat International Airport. Its width is narrow and swimming in the seas is not recommended. Part of the seashore is built-up with concrete walls, and large blocks of stones have been laid to prevent erosion.

How to go:

One needs to reach Chittagong city. It takes nearly 1 hour to reach the beach.

 

Botanical Garden and Eco-Park, Sitakunda

This is the first eco-park in Bangladesh. It was established in 2001 on 808 hectares. The main purposes of creating such eco parks are storing biodiversity, conservation. The Eco park has three fountain which can be seen beaming with furious flow in the rainy season. 

How to go:

One needs to reach Sitakunda Bazar by bus or train. From there local CNG can be taken to the base of the Sitakunda Eco park.

 

The Shrine of Bayazid Bostami 

This is the first eco-park in Bangladesh. It was established in 2001 on 808 hectares. The main purposes of creating such eco parks are storing biodiversity, conservation. The Eco park has three fountain which can be seen beaming with furious flow in the rainy season. 

How to go:

One needs to reach Sitakunda Bazar by bus or train. From there local CNG can be taken to the base of the Sitakunda Eco park.